Frequently Asked Questions

What is the Length of Our Pool?

The new Antioch Swimming Pool is 25 yards. "25" refers to 1/2 a lap of the pool (a "length"), "50" refers to one complete lap, "100" refers to two complete laps, and so on.

What is a Dual Conference Meet?

A dual conference meet is between two teams within the conference.

What is a Meet?

A meet is the name for the overall competition and it consists of "events."

What is an Event?

An event is a specific type of race such as "11-12 year olds, 100 yard butterfly." There may be many "heats" per event.

What is a Heat?

When there are more swimmers for an event than there are lanes in the pool (for example, 18 swimmers on a six lane pool), the first heat includes six swimmers. The second heat includes the next six swimmers. The third heat includes the final six swimmers. The best times from all the heats for an event determine the first, second, and third place finishers for the event. A swimmer can win their heat and still not place overall in the event. This format is used primarily at Invitational and Championship meets. In dual conference meets, the last heat is typically the scoring heat. The others are "exhibition."

What is Exhibition Swimming?

If there are lanes open in an event, a swimmer can fill a lane as an exhibition swimmer regardless of age or gender (by agreement of the coaches). They do not score points for the team, but the swimmer may get an exhibition ribbon, and more importantly, he/she will get a time for that event. It is great practice for the swimmer. Some swimmers swim exhibition to swim more races, to practice on a stroke they have difficulty with, to compete against older and better swimmers, to compete against the opposite sex, to practice starts and turns, or just because their coach requests it. An exhibition swimmer will have an "X" in front of their time.

What is a Heat Sheet?

This is the printed listing displayed before and during a meet that tells swimmers what events they will compete in. It also defines the swimmer's lane assignment per event. Lanes are typically assigned based on seed times, with the fastest swimmers in the center of the pool.

How do I Win a Ribbon?

Ribbons are awarded for dual meet indivdual event finishes (not heat finishes) in first through sixth place. Relay teams earn a ribbon for a first through third place finishes only. Ribbons will be placed in your family folder.

How Many Events Can a Swimmer Swim at a Dual Meet?

This is determined by NISC. A swimmer is allowed to swim up to four events with a maximum of three individual events and one relay or two individual events and two relay events. Swimmers with less experience and stroke knowledge may only swim one or two events. This will be determined by the coaches.

What is the Divisional Championship Meet?

This is the last meet of the season and involves other division teams. This meet determines the order of finish for each of the teams, as well as champions in individual events and relays. Each team is allowed to enter only two swimmers per individual event. Each team is also allowed one medley relay and one free relay in each age group.

What is a Bullpen?

Some meets, including all AWST home meets, utilize a bullpen to keep meets moving along as quickly as possible. A bullpen is a location that has been designated within a pool area for swimmers to check-in prior to their event. The announcer asks swimmers in upcoming events to go to the bullpen (by calling their event number) a few minutes before their event. By assembling everyone in advance, we avoid delays caused by missing swimmers.

What is a Block?

The block is a raised platform at the end of a pool lane. The swimmer stands on the block moments before a heat begins and dives into the pool.

Who Are the Officials at a Meet?

The basic officials include a referee, starter, stroke judge, turn judge, timers, and scorers. All of our officials are parents who volunteer.

What is a Stroke Judge?

The stroke judge determines if a stroke is properly executed. The stroke judge typically walks along the edge of the pool.

What is a Turn Judge?

A turn judge determines if the swimmer touches before starting another length and ensures the swimmer complies with turning rules applicable to the stroke. Turn judges stand at the opposite end of the pool from the starting blocks.

What is a Place Judge?

A place judge determines the finish of the swimmers by lane. This is a visual determination. The place judge stands at the side of the pool where the race will end.

Who are the Other Volunteers?

Complete volunteer information is here.

What is a "DQ" or Disqualification?

When a swimmer has an improper stroke, turn or start. A judge, referee, or starter issues a disqualification. If one person in a relay has a "DQ" it eliminates the whole relay team. The swimmer will not "place" in the event; no points or awards are earned even if the person(s) finish the event in first place. More information is here.

What is a False Start?

When a swimmer leaves the starting block before the start horn sounds.

What is Positive Check-in?

Some large meets (not AWST home meets) may require all swimmers to check-in prior to the meet. This minimizes empty lanes and speeds up the meet. Check-in usually closes 15 minutes after the start of warm-ups. If you do not check-in, you will be scratched (eliminated) from the meet. Coaches will inform the swimmers if a meet requires positive check-in.

What is Freestyle?

Freestyle is usually the front crawl with the flutter kick, but any stroke or combination of strokes is legal as long as you never touch the bottom of the pool and touch the walls on turns.

What is Backstroke?

Backstroke is done on your back. The head is back, the back is arched, and a flutter kick is used while the arms alternate (one then the other). Swimmers cannot roll past 90 degrees from their back as they stroke and cannot roll onto their sides or stomach when approaching the finish wall. (Many younger swimmers have a tendency to do this to see how close they are to the wall; they should learn to count the number of strokes they need to take after they pass under the flags.)

What is Breaststroke?

The breaststroke uses the whip kick (or frog kick is acceptable), while arms pull underwater simultaneously. Feet must stay below water and ankles must be turned out. The two hands must touch on the turn and finish level simultaneously.

What is Butterfly?

In the butterfly the feet and knees are together on the kick (dolphin kick), while arms move simultaneously. The two hands must touch on the turn and finish level and simultaneously.

What is an Individual Medley?

An event where the swimmer swims each stroke in a specific order: fly, back, breast, and free.

What is a Medley Relay?

It is a four-swimmer event in which each swimmer on the relay team swims one of the four strokes: back, breast, fly, and free.

What is a Free Relay?

It is a four-swimmer race in which each swimmer on the relay team swims the freestyle stroke.